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History Of Panchgani

Panchgani is the archetypal British-in-India hill station, with imposing old bungalows and public buildings with the Raj stamped all over. In fact, Sir John Chason founded Panchgani in 1854 as a sanatorium town and to rest and recuperate away from the heat and dust of the Indian plains. Today, the little town is better known for its English style boarding schools and old Parsi houses that look out on to the forested tracts.

The fascinating hill station of Panchgani was discovered by the British in the 1860's. It's believed that this popular summer resort was under the charge of Superintendent, Mr. John Chesson who had planted different species of plants around the place. Some of the rare species and alien plants that have flourished in Panchgani can be seen during Panchgani tour.

Panchgani was developed as a retirement place for the British because of its climate as it remained pleasant throughout the year. John Chesson surveyed the hills in this region in the company of one Dubash, (Grandfather of Xerxes Dubash), and finally decided on this nameless area in the vicinity of the five villages: Dhandeghar, Godavli, Amral, Khingar, and Taighat. The place was named Panchgani, and Chesson was made Superintendent. To develop the infrastructure, he encouraged various professionals - tailors, dhobis, butchers, vegetable vendors, building contractors etc to also settle in Panchgani. The area below the bazaar was allotted to them, and is known as the Gaothan. Chesson is buried in the St. Peter's Church graveyard. In 1971 or '72, his death centenary was observed in a big way when for the first time, the town folk and the schools participated together in a ceremony to remember the founder of Panchgani.

The Mauryas, Chalukyas, Bahmani dynasty, Rashtrakutas, Adil Shahi dynasty, Shilahar dynasty, Marathas, Peshwas, Satavahanas, Mughals and British were the rulers of this palce.

Panchgani is famous for its scenic natural attractions.

John Chesson, Xerxes Dubash, Bhawanrao Pantpratinidhi, Shahuji Maharaj, Sambhaji Maharaj, Raja Bhoj, King Bhojraj II, Aurangzeb, Shrimant Chhatrapati Sumitraraje Bhonsle, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, etc were the famous personalities.